Phenylpiracetam is a phenylated analog of the drug piracetam. It was developed in 1983 as a medication for Soviet Cosmonauts to treat the prolonged stresses of working in space. Phenylpiracetam is a phenylated analog of the drug piracetam. It was
Noopept has had studies conducted in cells and in animal models, and there had been a clinical trial with 41 subjects, which compared it with piracetam in people with traumatic brain injury.
Phenibut is a central nervous system depressant with anxiolytic and stimulant effects which is used in the treatment of anxiety, insonia, and for a variet of other indications.
Adrafinil is a eugeroic that was formerly used in France to promote alertness, attention, wakefulness, positive modd, and other parameters, particularly in the elderly.